What is CBD Distillate?
80-90% CBD | 0% THC | Minor Cannabinoids
CBD distillate is a potent, highly purified type of CBD hemp oil made from raw industrial hemp biomass. Distillate contains a full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes but has had the THC removed. CBD distillate is exceptionally pure, with cannabidiol content frequently exceeding 80%.
Does CBD Distillate Contain THC?
Yes, CBD distillate may contain trace amounts of THC. The hemp plant is naturally abundant in tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCA), the acid form of THC. However, when consumed in its natural, raw form, THCA is completely non-psychoactive — THCA will not get you "high." The same holds true for most cannabinoids in their natural state, including the acid form of CBD — CBDA. Major cannabinoids must be activated before the health benefits are made available to the body.
After the initial CBD extraction, the oil is exposed to high temperatures in a cannabinoid-activating process called decarboxylation. Once the residual solvents have been removed and the oil has been "decarbed," cannabinoids THC and CBD become activated and available for use in the body.
Some CBD products do have negligible THC amounts, though they are typically non-detectable by standardized testing equipment. CBD products are legally allowed to contain THC. However, they are strictly required to remain beneath the legal threshold of 0.3% THC by weight, as put into effect by the Farm Bill Act of 2018.
How to Remove THC from CBD Distillate
CBD manufacturers must take cautionary steps to ensure their final product hemp materials are compliant with federal THC allowances. If THC contents exceed the legal limit, companies can use particular THC-removal processes to reduce levels or remove the THC altogether.
Removing THC from CBD oil can be accomplished in many different ways, but the most commonly used methods include:
- Fractional distillation
These methods work by manipulating temperature or pressure to separate or dissolve the THC content in the original oil solution. THC-free CBD distillates are readily available at wholesale prices, and most CBD distillates in the market today are THC-free or contain only trace amounts, which will not confer any psychoactive effects.
Is CBD Distillate Water-Soluble?
CBD distillate is not water-soluble. Hemp Corp offers a wide variety of full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate forms of water-soluble CBD that are available for wholesale and bulk purchases.
How Is CBD Distillate Made?
CBD distillate is the finished product after a complex process of extraction, filtration, and distillation. In some cases, it takes several passes through our sophisticated distillation equipment to achieve a high-quality CBD distillate.
The process begins by macerating raw hemp biomass (leftover stalks and leaves after the flowers and/or seeds have been harvested) from the plant in a solvent solution to extract an initial batch of CBD oil. The extraction process involves using organic solvents like butane or hexane to strip away the essential oils away from the ground hemp plant. In more recent years, supercritical CO2 extraction has become a popular option because it's gentler on the volatile cannabis plant materials.
The crude oil mixture, or slurry, is then subjected to a process called winterization. During the winterization process, the hemp oil is cooled to very low temperatures to congeal, separate, and filter unwanted compounds out of the oil: waxes, fatty substances, and residual plant particles.
The winterized hemp oil is then decarboxylated (decarbed). Decarboxylation "activates" the cannabinoids by heating the oil at a specific, well-monitored temperature. High temperatures alter THC and CBD's chemical composition, rendering them active or bioavailable to the body.
Once the CBD oil has been winterized and decarbed, it is distilled to produce a highly concentrated, purified CBD distillate.
What's the Difference Between Broad-Spectrum CBD Distillate and Full-Spectrum CBD?
In the course of your research, you likely came across the terms "broad spectrum" and "full spectrum." Marketers and manufacturers use these terms to classify and describe two main categories of CBD products. So what's the difference?
If you aren't sure where to draw the line, don't worry. Unfortunately, there isn't a standardized set of terminology in the CBD industry. At least, there isn't one that everyone agrees with or sticks to. That said, here's what you should know about the real differences between broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD distillate.
Broad-Spectrum CBD Distillate
Broad-spectrum is simply another name for CBD distillate. Broad-spectrum CBD distillate contains roughly 80% pure CBD, with the remaining 20% a mixture of terpenes and cannabinoids. Broad-spectrum CBD distillate is an ideal choice for users who want a concentrated CBD product along with a full set of terpenes and cannabinoids, but with no THC.
Broad-spectrum CBD, by definition, goes through a special THC-removal process. However, broad-spectrum doesn't necessarily mean there is 0% THC, only that the amount is undetectable in standardized lab analyses.
Full Spectrum CBD
Unlike broad-spectrum CBD, full-spectrum CBD products contain all the cannabinoids and terpenes, along with naturally-occurring THC. Full-spectrum extracts may have THC levels that exceed the legal limit of 0.3% THC, making them illegal in some states.
Full-spectrum CBD is a good option for people who want to experience the benefits of the whole plant. There is even a name for this: the "entourage effect." Due to the synergy between all the natural components of the hemp plant, there is an additional, holisitc benefic that users experience.
What's the Difference Between CBD Distillate and CBD Isolate?
The critical distinction between CBD distillates and CBD isolates is that distillate contains the full array of compounds from the original hemp plant. The distillate is a concentrated high-CBD oil that is mostly composed of cannabidiol. However, it does contain minor cannabinoids such as cannabigerol (CBG), terpenes, flavonols, and other naturally-occurring plant substances. CBD distillate may contain trace amounts of THC within the legal limit.
CBD isolates, on the other hand, are the purest form of CBD concentrate — with CBD values typically upwards of 99% pure CBD. CBD isolate, and other cannabinoid isolates like CBG isolate, and CBN isolates are available in a fine powder format in both flavored varieties and flavorless. Pure CBD isolate has little to no flavor at all, so if you are looking for CBD in its purest form, then isolate is what you want.
CBD isolates are ideal for consumers or product formulators who want CBD-infused products with all the extra terpenes and cannabinoids removed.
How to Use CBD Distillate Oil
CBD distillate is an excellent option to choose for consumers who want the benefit of full-spectrum hemp oil without the THC or any residual plant chemicals apart from cannabinoids and terpenes.
The beauty of CBD distillate is that it can very easily be added to any number of consumer products. Ideal ways to use CBD distillate oil are in CBD tinctures, e-liquids for vape pens and vape cartridges, capsules, topicals and creams, beverages, gummies, edible food products, and more.
CBD distillate products by nature are extremely low in THC content, if not 100% THC-free. This means there is no concern about the potential for testing positive on drug tests or worrying if you might get high — you won't.
To isolate the spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes into a pure refined oil, Hemp Corp utilizes multiple refinement processes such as hydrocarbon, CO2, and solvent-based extraction techniques to remove the valuable and volatile compounds from starting hemp material.
About Hemp Corp
We are one of the leading wholesale CBD manufacturers in the United States. Based in Colorado, we work some of the best local hemp farms in sourcing the highest quality hemp biomass for our extraction process. Hemp Corp is a full-service CBD manufacturer, contracting white label and manufacturing a wide variety of CBD distillate products for our clientele.